Scars are caused by deep wounds or acute acnes showing up again and again on the same area of your skin.
Craters is a commonly seen case for those suffering from acne. Scar is the result of the reaction shown by the body against the inflammation caused by acne, new collagen is produced to heal the area with scar-tissue formation and the color changes that happen because of inflammation.
There are two main types of craters: “hypertrophic” and “atrophic” craters. Your skin produces large amounts of collagen to fill the scar so a hypertrophic scar may form, that’s why a mildly swelled area is left on the surface of your skin. Atrophic scar may be caused by the tissue loss occurring under the surface which the body can not heal. For this reason, acne scars may give your skin a dimpled look.
Your skin, hair and eye color is designated by a pigment called melanin. This pigment is produced by the pigment cells called melanocytes. Healthy melanocytes distributes the pigment to the skin equally and ensures a smooth and even skin. Unhealthy, inflammatory or damaged melanocytes may whether leads to hyperpigmentation (black spots) creating excessive pigment clusters or hypopigmentation (white dots) fully stopping the pigment production.
Scar and Blemish Treatment
Crater treatment focuses on treating the existing acnes at first to prevent crater formation. If all the acnes are waned, treatments which focuses on scars and blemishes will be applied.